n. Left-behind children (留守儿童: liú shǒu ér tóng)
As millions of workers have migrated from China’s rural areas to factories and urban areas, they have left behind millions of children. In 2005, China Daily reported that approximately 10 million children are growing up without their parents and in 2007, the All-China Women's Federation estimated 40 million children under 15 have been left-behind (click here for a map of where these children live).These children are often cared for by a remaining parent, grandparent, or family member and do not see their parent(s) for months or even years at a time. Parents are, of course, reluctant to leave their children, but with the lack of employment and the promise of work in cities, they feel that leaving is the best way to provide for their families. While they send money home, the kids left behind are also left to their own devices.